Ladder Safety

Observe National Ladder Safety Month With These Tips

March is National Ladder Safety Month, an opportunity to review your policies, training, and equipment.

Whether you’re a small service business with a couple of step stools around for lightbulb changes or a large contractor that uses complex climbing equipment, you’ll want to read on for the latest on ladders.

According to OSHA, falls from portable ladders (step-, straight, combination, and extension) are one of the leading causes of occupational fatalities and injuries. Here’s a basic overview of what’s required for all ladders.

  • Maintain ladders free of oil, grease, and other slip hazards.
  • Do not load ladders beyond their maximum intended load or rated capacity.
  • User ladders only for their designed purpose.
  • Use ladders only on stable and level surfaces unless secured to prevent accidental movement.
  • Do not use ladders on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet.
  • Secure ladders placed in areas such as doorways or passageways or where they can be displaced by workplace activities or traffic. Or, use a barricade to keep traffic or activity away from the ladder.
  • Keep areas clear around the top and bottom of ladders.
  • Do not move, shift, or extend ladders while they are in use.
  • Use ladders equipped with nonconductive side rails if the worker or the ladder could contact exposed, energized electrical equipment.
  • Face the ladder when moving up or down, and maintain three points of contact—for example, two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand—with the steps, rungs, and/or side rails of the ladder at all times.
  • Use at least one hand to grasp the ladder when climbing.
  • Do not carry objects or loads that could cause loss of balance and falling.

 

Additional OSHA requirements:

  • Wooden ladders must not be coated with any opaque covering, except for identification or warning labels, which must be placed only on one face of a side rail.
  • A competent person must inspect ladders for visual defects periodically and after any incident that could affect safety.
  • Do not use single-rail ladders.
  • Never use the top or top step of a stepladder as a step.
  • Portable ladders with structural defects must immediately be marked as defective or tagged with “Do Not Use” or similar wording and taken out of service until they are repaired.
  • Fixed ladders with structural defects must be taken out of service until they are repaired.
  • The minimum clear distance between side rails for all portable ladders must be 11.5 inches.
  • Rungs and steps of portable metal ladders must be corrugated, dimpled, coated, or treated to minimize slipping.
  • If the total length of the climb on a fixed ladder is 24 ft or greater, the ladders must be equipped with ladder safety devices, self-retracting lifelines, and rest platforms, or a cage or well with multiple ladder sections.
  • Each step or rung of a fixed ladder must be able to support a load of at least 250 pounds.

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